ߛߊ߲ߞߐߝߊ (Sankɔfa) – JP024
Traditional Afrikan Spiritual Systems are at the foundation of an “African Natural Farming” technique. Wait a second, are we sure there isn’t a name for that already?
- Works mentioned:
Asante Sana ߊߛߊ߲ߕߌ ߛߣߊ
Medase Paa ߡߍߘߊߛߋ ߔߊ
Modupe O ߡߏߘߎߔߋ ߏ
Thank you for listening to
- Urban Agriculture and Climate Change: “The New Normal”
- Smelling Funk to Power
- Charles Southward
- “God made the Soil, but we made it Fertile”
- Mushrooms as ߛߊ߲ߞߐߝߊ (Sankɔfa)
Pease, I am Mason Olonade and this is jJìgìjìgì Africulture podcast. Here we believe building a healthy soil builds a healthy soul. So we share strategies for how to do both. To do both, we asked two questions. How do you grow while you grow kale, collards, tomatoes and melons? And why do you think the healthiest soils and black?
Se so werefina, wosankofa yenkyi. It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten. We asked Che Axum his favorite plant related proverb and he said simply, sankofa. His answer was intriguing as you may remember, and if you haven’t listened, you should go back and fetch it.
As we look ahead, of course, we reflect on our surroundings and where we have been we Of course, quote ourselves. It has been in search of a refined and replicable agricultural strategy for us black folks that points towards an African natural farming practice. Where would we be without the act of sankofa? We went back because we knew we put forth an interesting definition somewhere. Of course, we posted on we posted it on our Instagram for the philosophical background episode. Again, we caught ourselves the Yoruba definition of agriculture is eko nipa iroko the art of cultivating the soil.
It now makes sense for the process of sankofa to no longer call the technique African natural farming here at Jìgìjìgì everything we do points towards a standardized geographically independent and replicable technique known as eko nipa iroko, the art of cultivating the soil or ENI for short. We appreciate you are loving sibling of the soil for helping us come to that evolution of thought. This is what family is for.
Speaking of family, we had an extremely thought provoking conversation with our talented brother, musician, also sivanna. He encouraged us to remember and to trust the process of sankofa we then opened up to a random page and divination poetry by Wande Abimbola. Within the Odu Ifa there are many, many ese or poems. You may remember from our conversation with Silver Sprung. There are no such things as coincidences. There are only co incidences. If you don’t remember, it is not taboo to go back and fetch it.
What we found astounded us. We found the cotton plant.
Olosee Ifa priest of farmland performed divination for the cotton plant, who was losing all her children by premature death. The cotton plant inquired from her Ifa priests, what she must do in order that her children might survive, and so that the inhabitants of the earth would not give her any trouble. She was told to perform sacrifice after the cotton plant performs sacrifice our enemies sent small particles of rain to go and destroy her, as well as her children. But it was at this time that the cotton plant started to produce new leaves. Enemies then sent severe dewdrops to go and destroy her. But that was exactly when she started to produce new flowers and seeds. At last, they sent the sun to go and destroy the cotton plant. But as the sun was shining on the cotton plant, she started to open up her buds. She said, that was exactly what her he thought priests predicted. Olosee. Ifa priest of farmland performed Ifa divination for the cotton plant, who was losing all their children by premature death. They sent small particles of rain to go and destroy the garden plant. When she was growing new leaves. They sent severe dewdrops to go and destroy the cotton plant. But she started producing new buds and leaves. They sent the son to go and destroy the cotton plant. But she opened up her wall. The cotton plant is producing new leaves. She is producing more wool.It is in In the presence of birds, that the cotton plant opens up a wool.
For us, this essay is one of resilience and speaks towards our meaning Africans and America history in this country on at least two levels. Additionally, keeping this in line with the goal of ENI we will keep this scientific.
Our first point is that of heat exhaustion. too much of a good thing can be quite detrimental. We all know that. For example, in some plants, fertilizing with too much nitrogen will turn the leaves a dark green color well beyond the healthy green that we are used to. The same is the case here with the sun, especially on hot days, where the plants are focused on trying to keep themselves cool to be able to conduct normal functions. Transparent transpiration is the way that they keep themselves cool, much in the same way, like how we sweat. Some plants will will decrease the amount of exposure they have to the sun by reducing their surface area so that they can retain as much water as possible. We experienced this last summer with our sweet potatoes in particular. We thought that they had just been so so so thirsty, but once the plants were shaded by the house, leaves on the sweet potato perked up again. sunburn as we started plants indoors our undercover we mace we must take great care to harden them off to the sun’s rays. This means that we must gradually expose our plants to the sunlight because it is quite harsh. In 2015 I transplanted about 50 pepper plants into my grandmother’s backyard. They were taken directly from my bedroom. window which received light from about 1230 to 6pm. To her backyard that received a lot more light. When I checked in on them a couple days later, they had turned into paper. Mini leaves with the color of manila folders and so thin you could almost see through them. Then those that hadn’t been affected had been eaten up by alley cats, when just waved its tail at me, blinking long and basking in the sun of late May.
Rain compaction. I didn’t believe it at first, but apparently in larger farm plots, the rain can be quite detrimental to soils. Although rain falls from about 6500 feet, or 2000 kilometers, the distance in it of itself from the soil doesn’t have that much of an impact because each raindrops each one raindrop accelerates to terminal velocity pretty quickly. This means that the rain drop stops gathering speed and instead hits a freefall where cannot go any faster. The real issue of rain compaction comes when all the rain hits the ground and is unable to absorb into the soil. When it hits, it sits and settles in and that first half inch or so of soil. It then dries and pulls all that soil together very quickly hardpan soils develop and that prevents the absorption of water deeper into the soils. This is why no till and cover cropping is unnecessary practice. By leaving adequate cover on the soil. we prevent compaction, especially from the repeated rain and evaporation cycles that are present throughout the entire growing season.
Dew drops and pathogens. In the last couple of years, researchers have been understanding the role water droplets play in exactly How pathogens are spread in agricultural fields. A small consensus is grown around the idea that if there are pathogenic particles on the surface of a plant, when do or any other moisture comes, those water droplets can absorb those particles. When these surface water drops have been hit by a larger raindrop, they can disperse in all directions, potentially spreading the pathogen throughout the entire crop. In this first article, the author’s state that their objective was to understand how far pathogenic particles could travel based on their liberation patterns, they call them this research provides insight into possible agricultural solutions for the issue. We are trying to characterize how far these pathogens are flying from one plant to the others. Then we can suggest what is the optimal distance or array of crops in the field, young said in the second hour, The researchers were understanding the role of the immune system of the plant plays in response to rain. Just like your grandmother told you to make sure you wore a coat out if it were raining, the plants do the same, setting up their immune defenses in the case that they receive some particle from a freshly created liberation pattern.
They state “plants are continuously exposed to mechanical mitigate manipulation by wind, rain, neighboring plants, animals, and human activities. These mechanical stimuli cause short term molecular changes and long term developmental effects affecting flowering time, pathogen defense and plant architecture. using water spray to simulated rain, we show that jasmonic acid signaling factors mediate rapid gene expression changes.”
The last article is an update of the first. by dr. jung. The researchers were able to publish their results and included the role that wind may play in the dispersal of the viral particles when they are released into their liberation pattern. At the very beginning of rainfall, millions of dry spores are liberated from the plant, john said, by having the wind around it, these dry spores can easily disperse to another plant. pathogens spread in this way can ruin an entire crop. Another pathogen that is used by to do our funghi and molds like powdery mildew. Oddly enough, powdery mildew can be treated with milk. Now that you’ve heard our interpretations of this Ifa Ese, what did this mean to you? We’d love to hear from you. Email us. mason@Africulturepodcast.com do you know a black farmer a gardener who likes and wants to talk about plants and the soil? Tell me are you then somebody? Email us and share Jìgìjìgì with your friends, family and closely related siblings of the soil. And we will say then as we say, Now, Asante Sana and Modupe O. Thank you for listening to Jìgìjìgì peace